They can grow from 1 foot to more than 2 feet per year. It is best grown in the Midlands and Coastal Plain. It will grow in the Piedmont or Midlands in moist, but well-drained soil, in sun to part shade. Berries are red to shiny black. Larger, denser shrubs provide cover and nesting opportunities. If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. Discover a must-have plant for your landscape. It forms a dense, wide mass, 3 to 5 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide. ‘Dawn.’ is the most widely available cultivar. Bright red fruit of linden viburnum (Viburnum dilatatum) in October. Fruit are red, ovoid ⅓-inch long, and very showy. ‘Catskill’ is a slow-growing, compact cultivar, growing 6 feet tall by 8 feet wide. The best way to ensure that your viburnums produce fruit is to plant more than one variety of a viburnum species. This is a hybrid between V. japonicum and V. dilatatum. Viburnums are evergreen or deciduous, depending on the species and the location. Berries are bright red, and persist from fall well into winter. Incorporate organic soil conditioner at planting, so that the future root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter. Some of the small-leafed evergreen viburnums can be sheared, but be aware that shearing will remove most flower buds and/or berries. Stems are red. Grow 2 cultivars or seedlings together for best berry set. Mapleleaf Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium): Native to the mountains and upper Piedmont of South Carolina, this species grows slowly to 6 feet tall and 4 feet wide, and has dark green leaves with three lobes, like maple leaves. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It does best in the upper Piedmont. It grows in sun or shade, in well drained soil. Flowers are fragrant and white, and berries are red. Clusters of pink buds open to slightly-fragrant, white flowers between January and early April. Plants grow best in the Piedmont, in full sun or partial shade. To preserve flowers, wait to prune until just after bloom. ‘Shasta’ is a broad, spreading selection. The nearly round, gray green leaves are 2 to 5 inches in diameter. It grows as a spreading and colonizing shrub. Viburnum berries are also strongly attractive to birds, which makes viburnums a great addition to a wildlife garden. David viburnum may take cold damage if a warm winter is followed by late frosts. Description. Plants have good drought resistance and make an excellent screen. ‘Whorled Class’ is a rounded, compact cultivar that grows to 5 feet tall and wide. Flowers are fragrant, white with a pink tinge in 2-to 4-inch panicles. Others such as Cranberry Viburnum, Douglas Hawthorne, Crabapples are more the "broccoli" berries, they taste better after a few freeze-n-thaws, but they do get eaten eventually. It is grown primarily for winter bloom. With over 200 Viburnum taxa in inventory, we are dedicated to providing you with the opportunity to experience the vast diversity and four seasons of interest that this genus has to offer. Viburnum dilatatum can grow up to 3 meters tall shrub and wide. The thing to know about viburnums is that each plant is usually self-infertile. You love to DIY. ( 23 ) Consuming red raspberries has been linked to reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about viburnum berries? However, plants are often most readily available in nurseries at bloom time in the spring. The Guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, is just one of many viburnums. This species grows best in the upper Piedmont of South Carolina, and may grow 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. It grows as an attractive, dense, rounded plant, 6 to 10 feet tall and is a suckering shrub. The most popular color? Witherod Viburnum (V. cassinoides): Witherod is native to the mountains and upper Piedmont of South Carolina. Go wild with a native viburnum that’s a big hit for inviting wildlife to a garden. The white flowers beckon all kinds of pollinators, including birds, bees and other insects. ‘Cayuga’ fruit matures to black in late summer. Most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5). If you must prune, you should do so in late spring after the berries have formed. The flowers are pure white, in 3-to 4-inch round snowball type clusters. Popular cultivars to grow include âDartâs Red Robinâ and âMariesiiâ, both of which have pretty, lacecap flowers, followed by berries in autumn. Bracted Viburnum (V. bracteatum): This viburnum grows 10 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide in an oval to rounded form. In fact, from all the fruits on the list of healthy berries, raspberries come out top in terms of dietary fiber. Creamy white flowers in 3 to 4 inch clusters appear in April. This means that a plant can’t pollinate its own flowers. Small white flowers open in April from pink buds and are followed by limited black fruit. Learn the trick to getting your viburnums to produce berries. It has glossy dark green leaves and intense blue fruit. For further information on problems on viburnums, refer to the fact sheet HGIC 2057, Viburnum Diseases & Insect Pests. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. Linden Viburnum (V. dilatatum): Linden viburnum grows to 8 to10 feet tall and not quite as wide. Showy, 2-to 3-inch snowball-like clusters of white sterile flowers resemble those of V. opulus. It prefers sun to part shade, is highly tolerant of heat, drought and wind, and grows best in the Piedmont. It grows best in the Piedmont. They bring a different style and several colours, but you can never tell how long the berries â¦ It is often attacked by aphids, which distort new growth. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The blossoms are composed entirely of large, sterile flowers that are lime green at first, changing to white. SuzL 05/09/2011 I have a beautiful Mayflower vibernum which blooms with wonderful fragrant flowers each spring followed by berries to feed the birds. It grows 10 to 12 feet tall with very showy flower clusters composed entirely of sterile flowers (produce no fruit). Some viburnum have wonderful winter variety. ‘Chicago Lustre’ is a 10 foot tall, upright selection with dark glossy foliage. Prefers full sun to part shade and grows best in the Piedmont. It typically grows to 7 to 8 feet tall. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Be sure to trim off dead or sick branches, but do not prune, because you will be risking cutting off flowers and future berries. The leaves are 3 to 8 inches long and 1½ to 4 inches wide. (Viburnum was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.) Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. It does not produce fruit. Service Viburnum (V. utile): This viburnum is not often grown as a species but has produced some excellent hybrids. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucus species). Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Well, my Elderberries have finished blooming but no berries set. Leaves turn reddish purple in fall. Most prefer sun, but some do â¦ Habit is dense and rounded, with leathery, glossy green leaves. The species grows as an upright, rounded, small tree, 12 to 20 feet tall if unpruned. Viburnum tinus is a stunning plant to have in the garden and makes a fantastic hedge feature. This is a cross between V. rhytidophyllum and V. lantana. Varieties that hold their berries into winter make up the third group. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. popular Names: Guelder-Rose, water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree and European cranberry bush The malodorous flowers are creamy white, held in 5 inch wide flat clusters in late spring, and followed by blue-purple fruit in late summer. ‘Roseum’ is known as European or common snowball. White snowball flower clusters of Viburnum x ‘Eskimo’ in April. Berries are uncommon, red turning to black in mid fall. ‘Emerald Luster’ has exceptionally nice lustrous foliage. All That Glitters Viburnum Spacing. It is not very tolerant of high heat and is best grown in moist, but well-drained soil, in shade. If you plant ANOTHER cultivar of the same species, that flowers at the same time, then you can get berries. Viburnums are relatively deer-resistant shrubs. Large clusters of creamy white flowers open in April. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. ‘Chenaultii’ has a finer texture and habit, and is later-blooming than the species. They are followed by black berries in late summer. Viburnum Berries Recipe. Special features : berries, deer resistant, Proven Winners, native. Laurustinus (V. tinus): Laurustinus is an upright, rounded evergreen that grows 6 to 12 feet tall, and a bit less in width. The flowers are somewhat unpleasant smelling, white clusters in late spring, followed by abundant bright red, shiny fruit from mid-fall until at least December. It sounds complicated, but all you need to do is a little homework before buying viburnums. Larustinus (Viburnum tinus) This is a type of viburnum that can be seen growing in hardiness zones seven to 10. Check out Prague viburnum. It is less cold hardy than the species. Viburnum opulus is European cranberry bush, which also produces bright red berries. Black Haw (V. prunifolium): Black haw is native throughout South Carolina. The leaves, once used for tea, are 3 to 6 inches long, dark green, turning muted red in fall. It flowers a bit later than ‘Chesapeake’. This species is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions, including high pH soils, heavy clay soils and heavy shade, but prefers well drained soil. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Flowers are not followed by fruit, but this species often re-blooms in late summer or fall. ‘Spring Bouquet’ is compact and rounded in form, reaching 5 to 6 feet in height and width. The foliage is highly tolerant of bacterial leaf spot and powdery mildew, and fall color is a dull orange-red. ‘Emerald Lustre’ has pink tinged new growth, with lustrous green mature leaves. The height and spread of most viburnums can be regulated with selective thinning pruning in early spring. Japanese snowball grows best in the Piedmont. Alternatively, you can plant a closely related viburnum that flowers at the same time as the plant you want to produce fruit. Plants are heat tolerant and will grow well in most areas, but will not tolerate drought. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. It has a dense, compact form, growing 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. Selections are often denser. Need a fast growing viburnum for a hedge? Flat clusters of white flowers in late May to June are followed by highly ornamental mixed-color clusters of green, pink, red and blue fruits that eventually mature to black in August to October. Fruit is produced sparsely. Kick off spring with the intensely fragrant blooms of Judd viburnum. It is an upright, rounded, small tree or multi-stemmed shrub to 12 to 15 feet tall and 8 to 12 feet wide. It may be severely damaged by cold winters if temperatures dip into the mid to low teens. The viburnum berries typically shift through a sequence of colors as they ripen, which creates a changing scene in the garden. Listed below are some common species and their cultivars. Native to Europe, VLB was accidentally introduced to North America sometime in the last century. This viburnum will grow in wet to dry soils, in sun to part shade. Most viburnums fruit best when two different varieties of the same species are planted near one another. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. A few, like the arrowhead viburnum, are grown for their bright blue berries in the fall. The berries are magnificent and so welcome in the late season garden. Karen Russ, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. A note on pollination: If berries are important to you, you must plant at least one All That Glitters viburnum and at least one All That Glows viburnum . It is variable in size, growing 6 to 15 feet tall and as wide. If an overgrown plant needs to be renewal pruned, this should be done in the early spring. This is probably the most shade tolerant evergreen viburnum. There are 101 viburnum berries for sale on Etsy, and they cost $23.92 on average. Pink fruit matures to blue. It is essentially pest free. In bloom it resembles the layered look of flowering dogwood. Linden viburnum (Viburnum dilatatum) 'Cardinal Candy' is covered with large, bright-red berries that replace creamy-white, flat-headed spring flowers. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Oblong fruit are dark red. The white flowers consist of 2- to 4- inch clusters of small fertile blossoms ringed with larger, sterile blossoms for a lace cap effect. Cream-colored flowers in late spring are followed by blue to blue-black fruit. Awabuki Viburnum (V. awabuki): Awabuki viburnum grows in a strongly upright form, 15 to 20 feet tall by 10 to 15 feet wide. Viburnum plicatum is a bushy, deciduous shrub with pretty white flowerheads. They can be anywhere within about 50' of one another; both plants will develop fruit. They are followed by red to black fruit in July to August. Unlike most viburnums, it tolerates hot, dry areas and sandy soil in full sun to shade. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The berry clusters often show several hues at once, adding even more interest to the garden. Check with your local extension office to learn which viburnums are the best pollinators for the plant you want. I have been given two Viburnum bushes for my garden, but note from the planting instructions says ALL PARTS OF THIS PLANT ARE HARMFUL IF EATEN. Cluster of bright red, ½-inch long fruit of tea viburnum (Viburnum setigerum) in November. Nearly all Viburnum have terrific autumn foliage colors, too. Discover the viburnum that thrives in shade and has great fall color. European Cranberrybush (V. opulus var. Flower clusters with small, white fragrant blooms of Japanese viburnum (Viburnum japonicum) in April. The brilliant colored fruits are yellow, orange, red, pink, blue or black. Fall coloration is an attractive feature of viburnums with leaf colors ranging from a glossy red to scarlet or purple. The mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerfolium), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, bears clusters of black berries that often persist through the winter. Other strong fruit producing viburnums include doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum ‘Mariesii’), arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) and Viburnum edule. It is a robust plant, growing 8 to 10 feet tall or more, with an upright, spreading habit. It is often confused with V. awabuki. Fall color varies from yellow to purple and red. Berries are bright red. ‘Chesapeake’ is semi-evergreen, 6 feet tall and 10 feet wide with wavy-edged, leathery dark green leaves. The viburnum berries typically shift through a sequence of colors as they ripen, which creates a changing scene in the garden. The leaves are similar to those of fragrant snowball, turning burgundy to purple in fall. With this viburnum, berries first appear bright pink, then shift to pastel blue and ultimately ripen to bold purple. Most viburnums are dense shrubs forming a mass of green foliage, but some varieties grow as loose, open shrubs or small trees. The fruit is a drupe, with a fleshy coat and a hard endocarp, which contains a single seed. Flowers are most abundant in full sun, but afternoon or dappled shade will help prevent summer wilting. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. You can also search online in garden forums to learn what viburnums other gardeners in your area use to pollinate one another. Small, loose clusters of fragrant pink flowers bloom in winter but may be damaged by freezes. No pollination means no fruit. ‘Autumn Jazz’ is vase shaped, 8 to 10 feet tall by 10 to 12 feet wide with red, yellow, orange, and burgundy fall color. ‘Huron’ has leathery matte foliage and rich red-purple fall color. Japanese viburnum will grow throughout the state. ‘Mohawk’ has red buds, which are showy long before they expand into white spicy-fragrant flowers. Once established in a suitable site, most viburnums have low maintenance needs. Colonists used the berries in jams, and modern gardeners prize this viburnum for its ability to lure birds to the garden. Leatherleaf Viburnum (V. rhytidophyllum): This evergreen species has large, shiny, dark, leathery leaves. It is drought and heat tolerant. It is very similar in appearance and habit, but the leaves are more lustrous. The flowers start green and change to white. All are cutting grown. Schiller’s Delight’ is a dwarf cultivar, growing 1½ feet tall and 3 feet wide. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. clusters open in March or April. Occasionally, plants can reach 20 to 30 feet tall. Leaves take on a purple tint in winter. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Viburnum tinus âGwenllianâ bears flowers and berries at the same time, but Viburnum tinus âSpiritâ is neater in habit. Fragrant Snowball (V. x carlecephalum): Fragrant snowballs grow 6 to 10 feet tall and wide. ‘Willowwood’ has lustrous leaves, an arching habit, and often reblooms in fall. All prefer part to full sun and fertile soils. Prague Viburnum (V. x pragense): This species has shiny, 2 to 4 inch long leaves on a fast growing, upright, oval shrub, growing to 10 feet tall or more. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends â¦ ‘Cayuga’ is a hybrid that was created by backcrossing. Viburnum davidii produces intensely colored berries, including shades of green, pink, red and turquoise blue. The habit is multi-stemmed and rounded. Spicily fragrant, 2 to 3-inch flower clusters open in March or April. It is adaptable to different soils and grows in part shade to shade. Burkwood viburnum is both heat and pollution tolerant. Smaller, but showy, white flower clusters of Japanese snowball viburnum (Viburnum plicatum f. plicatum) in late April. It prefers moist, but well drained soil, and some shade. This cultivar is resistant to bacterial leaf spot. Prolic red fruit made by ‘Erie’ linden viburnum (Viburnum diatatum ‘Erie’) in November. Fruit starts rose pink and matures to blue-black in fall. Flowers are creamy white, in 2 to 4 inch wide clusters, opening in late March to April. The fall color is bright orange to red purple. Produces dark scarlet fruit. With the compact size of only 4-5 feet tall and wide, you should not need to prune ever. While the plant is hardy to 0 °F once established, leaves may suffer cold damage if temperatures dip below 10 °F. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Rain Garden Plants: Muhlenbergia capillaris – Muhly Grass, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Container grown plants can be planted at that time, but extra attention will need to be given to watering through the summer heat. The leaves are simple, arranged opposite on a branch and the shape may vary from broadly obovate, obovate, or broadly ovate. Maple-like leaves are dark green, turning yellow to red or purple in fall. The flowers for which Viburnum is noted, are carried in flat sprays approx 5/10cm wide. Sweet Viburnum (V. odoratissimum): Sweet viburnum is evergreen and grows in an upright form 10 to 20 feet tall. Cream-colored flowers of arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) are held in 4-inch wide cymes during early May. ‘Eskimo’ is a hybrid between. This name is sometimes mistakenly given to sweet viburnum (V. odoratissimum), a much different, larger plant. branch of red viburnum in the garden, closeup. Please note, we advise not to eat the berries, as they can give you a mild stomach-ache if eaten. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. It makes a good screening plant. opulus): This species grows 10 to 15 feet tall and wide with arching branches. Chuck Burgess, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. The leaves are leathery and glossy, dark green, turning bronze-yellow in fall. H x S: 1.8m x 2m Colorful fruit contribute to fall color on many species. Viburnums include deciduous and evergreen shrubs and small trees, mostly native to North America or to Asia. It is adaptable to soil type, provided it is well-drained and will grow in sun or shade. Sandankwa Viburnum (V. suspensum): Plants grow 6 to 12 feet high with a spreading habit and coarse, dense texture. The flowers are very fragrant, long-lasting, white, 4- to 5-inch clusters that open in March to early April. ‘Blue Muffin’ grows to 5 to 7 feet tall and 2 to 4 feet wide. Viburnum shrubs produce berries in a variety of colors, including neon pink, lemon yellow, robin egg blue and deep purple-black. Viburnum flowers attract many butterflies, and the fruit clusters are popular with birds and other wildlife. We love to DIY. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends of branches. Viburnum is a genus of about 150â175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. It is also native to South Carolina. Bright red fruit mature to black. Foliage may be damaged if temperatures fall below 10 °F. Although most viburnums are not seriously troubled by diseases or pests, several problems can occur, particularly when plants are stressed or in poor growing conditions. Viburnum shrubs are one of the many ornamental shrubs that blooms on old wood, so waiting until after blooming to prune is recommended.Trimming them during dormancy will result in the loss of all â¦ Japanese Viburnum (V. japonicum): Plants are evergreen and grow 6 to 8 feet tall and wide. This plant grows from zone four to zone seven, and it can be six feet tall at maturity. Plants grow 8 to 12 feet tall in an upright, somewhat leggy form. Chinese Snowball (V. macrocephalum): Chinese snowball grows to 12 to 20 feet tall with a dense, rounded form. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Fruit are red and mature to purple-black. Viburnums are excellent hedge or screen plants, foundation shrubs or specimen plants, depending on the mature height of the selection. The fruit is red, aging to black, and appears in early to mid-summer. The late-spring flowers are creamy white, flat-topped clusters, up to 3 inches across. The dark green, 4-inch leaves turn yellow to reddish purple in fall. The leaves are 2 to 3 inches long and grayish green, turning purple in fall. The Viburnum Specialists Our passion for viburnums is evidenced by offering our customers the largest selection of viburnums in the United States. Fruit are red, which finally turn to a glossy black. Cranberry bush viburnum has bright berries that resemble cranberries (be warned, though, the fruit often has a funky smell some people liken to dirty socks). Wright Viburnum (V. wrightii): The Wright viburnum grows best in the Piedmont of South Carolina, has an upright habit, and reaches to 6 to 10 feet tall. Doublefile viburnum grows best in the Piedmont, preferring moist but well drained soil, and some shade. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. Virburnum, available in both evergreen and deciduous forms, is a popular shrub that offers many benefits for home gardeners. White, sweetly scented flowers of Bitchui viburnum (V. bitchiuense), Flowers are 1½ to 2-inches across and held in loose clusters. It has very dense, small, semi-evergreen, early emerging foliage and is suitable for hedging. Periodically remove old and weak canes. It blooms in April with 2- to 4-inch clusters of small fertile flowers edged with large, sterile flowers, giving a lace cap effect. Aphids, thrips, spider mites, scale, root weevils and plant parasitic nematodes can be problems, also. Joey Williamson, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Fruit are ovoid, metallic blue that age to black. Celebrate viburnum berries with the colorful fruit of Mohican viburnum. Fall color on mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium). Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. ‘Asian Beauty’ is an upright form to 10 feet tall with long-lasting, cherry-red fruit. This species grows best in the upper Piedmont in full sun or part shade, and tolerates moist to wet soil. viburnum (V. carlesii), as it also has pink flower buds, and white, fragrant flowers that are held in 2- to 3-inch diameter cymes in early spring. Many species will tolerate summer heat better if planted where they receive afternoon shade or shade during the hottest part of the day. Growth habit is open and upright in the species. Learn about a native viburnum shrub prized by native peoples for its edible berries. The Prague viburnum is a hybrid between Viburnum rhytidophyllum and V. utile. It prefers moist, well-drained soil in sun or part shade and grows well in most areas of the state, except for the lower Coastal Plain. Occasional pruning will help encourage density. Viburnum â¦ An excellent web site from Cornell University for identification of viburnum species is: http://www.hort.cornell.edu/vlb/key/index.html. They have been consumed by humans for millennia and are one of the first known foods that humans have eaten and stored. Since then, it has become a significant landscape pest and has discouraged the planting of susceptible viburnum species. This plant grows best in the south and eastern edges of the coastal plains. Excessive summer heat and drought may result in leaf scorch. awabuki). americanum). Pinkish-lavender fall color of American cranberrybush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnums are mostly moderate- to fast-growing plants. Browse a full list of topics found on the site, from accessories to mudrooms to wreaths. Lantanaphyllum Viburnum (V. x rhytidophylloides): This semi-evergreen to evergreen viburnum is similar in appearance to leatherleaf viburnum. Bodnant viburnum (Viburnum x bodnantense) in bloom in late December. The brownish flower buds are highly visible starting from the previous summer. All rights reserved. All That Glows Viburnum Spacing Viburnum species vary considerably in where they will thrive in South Carolina. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. White flowers are produced in 2- to 4-inch flattened cymes in the spring. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. A landscape favorite, this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1075 | Updated: Oct 14, 2014 | Print, Brightly colored fall berries are a feature of many viburnums, as with this Viburnum wrightii. This species has excellent fall color with leaves turning bright pink to reddish purple in fall. They appear in mid-to late spring. Many viburnums flower best in full sun, but light preferences vary from full sun to mostly shade. Muted red fall color of fragrant snowball viburnum Viburnum x carlecephalum ‘Cayuga’. The leaves droop as temperatures approach freezing. Berries are bright, metallic blue, but are borne only if two separate clones of the plant are grown together. ‘Iroquois’ has a dense, rounded habit with large, textured, dark green leaves in summer and orange-red to maroon fall color. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Best locations for the different species are listed as Piedmont, Central (Midlands) or Coastal Plains. Or ask at the nursery where you’ll be making your viburnum purchases. Get video instructions about kitchens, bathrooms, remodeling, flooring, painting and more. You guessed it: red. ‘Compactum’ grows only 4 to 5 feet high and wide, and is extremely dense growing. Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. ‘Mrs. This species tolerates deep shade and dry soil, provided it is also high in organic matter. It is insect and disease resistant. You can get a similar berry show on a larger plant (6 to 8 feet tall and wide) by planting Viburnum nudum, also known as witherod viburnum. This is a cross of, ‘Eskimo’ is semi-evergreen. The dark, leathery leaves have a pronounced wooly, light gray underside. Pruning All That Glows Viburnum is not necessary. This species is very similar to V. dilatatum, but with glabrous stems and larger leaves. Learn about Viburnum awabuki ‘Chindo,’ a real stunner in the viburnum family. This is a cross of ‘Cayuga’ and, ‘Conoy’ is a dense, evergreen with a spreading form to 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Red to black berries appear in late summer. Bodnant Viburnum (V. x bodnantense): This rather open, coarse plant grows to 10 feet or more. ‘Winterthur’ grows 6 feet tall and wide with glossy, green foliage that turns red in fall. The leaves are always arranged opposite one another on the stems. Last year when I bought them, they were tiny shrubs in 4 inch pots and looked rather ragged for wear. It grows 10 feet tall by 12 feet wide, with profuse, large, pure white flower clusters. Pink flower buds arise in March on ‘Cayuga’ viburnum (Viburnum x carlcephalum). Erni/Shutterstock. ‘Erie’ grows 10 feet tall by 8 feet wide, with profuse, unusually colored coral-red fruit that persist into spring. All hackberries are edible and highly nutritious. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at email@example.com or 1-888-656-9988. Many cultivars are available. The following cultivars are heat tolerant down to the lower Piedmont. Walter’s Viburnum (V. obovatum): Native to the coastal plains of South Carolina, this species is hardy throughout the state. Pink buds open to white flowers in April. It is a good choice where a rapid growing screen is needed. Koreanspice Viburnum (V. carlesii): This species grows 4 to 8 feet tall and wide, with a dense, rounded habit. Another common cause for non-flowering viburnums is improper pruning. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. I have many animals that come into my garden, including my own dog and two cats. Q. Viburnum toxicity. To grow these into a hedge plant 48 inches apart, center on center. If youâre noticing lots of holes in the leaves of your viburnums from late spring through summer, chances are good that you have viburnum leaf beetle (VLB). The genus Viburnum is immense, and choosing the right selection for your garden is not easy. Sometimes viburnums won’t produce fruit, even though the plant puts on a strong flower show. It grows well in sun and shade, most soil types and has good heat and drought tolerance. Unfortunately, the flowers have no fragrance. Many selections are available, including: Japanese Snowball (V. plicatum f. plicatum): This shrub grows 8 to 15 feet tall and wide. Plants grow best in the Piedmont, in moist but well drained soil, in full sun or partial shade. ‘Variegata’ has conspicuously creamy yellow variegations along the leaf margins. Please can you tell me if this is directed at human beings, or are they harmful to animals as well. The following cultivars of Japanese viburnum are semi-evergreen. Plants grow best in the upper Piedmont, in moist but well-drained soil, in partial shade to shade. They grow best with moist but well-drained soil and some shade. They appear in April. It’s hardy in Zones 7 to 9. âHackberries have a thin, very sweet purple skin surrounding a crunchy shell with a tiny nut inside. It is resistant to bacterial leaf spot. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. ‘Mariesii’ is noted for its layered, horizontal branching and large white flower clusters. A variety of fungal leaf spots and a bacterial leaf spot are fairly common on viburnums. Marjan Kluepfel, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Karen Russ, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. A: There are two flower forms of snowball viburnum.Viburnum macrocephalum, with the big white hydrangea-type flowers, is a sterile flower form.It does not make berries. Discover how to use viburnum shrubs in the landscape. Many cultivars are available. Most viburnums have eye-catching berries to top off the pretty flowers and foliage. Growing viburnums include fragrant springtime blooms, attractive autumn and showy berries that welcome songbirds to your garden. Joey Williamson, ©2016 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It will grow best in partial shade and moist, but well drained soil in the Piedmont. Arrowwood (V. dentatum): Arrowwood is native to several areas throughout South Carolina. American cranberrybush is Viburnum trilobum, a name that’s been recently changed to Viburnum opulus ‘Americanum.’ It produces flattened flower clusters that yield edible red berries. Don't miss your favorite shows in real time online. Learn about David viburnum, a low growing shrub with eye-catching texture. Prefers full sun to part shade, and grows best in the Piedmont. Bitchiu viburnum grows well in both sun or part shade and tolerates most soils as long as they are well-drained. There are thorns, yes, but the birds do love these berries. Grow viburnums for their beautiful blooms, and you’ll soon be loving them for their eye-catching berries. This large group of plants consists of more than 150 species and numerous named cultivars. Cold infusion of viburnum berries It is used as a vitamin, tonic; has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. Joey Williamson, ©2014 HGIC, Clemson Extension. It grows well throughout the state, prefers part shade, is heat tolerant and also tolerates wet soil. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Possum-Haw Viburnum (V. nudum): Possum-haw is closely related to Witherod viburnum (V. cassinoides). 3-4 tablespoons of berries (fresh, dried or frozen) in the evening pour 0.5 liters of cold boiled water, insist night, strain in the morning, squeeze â¦ Plants sucker and can form large colonies. Lustrous leaves of ‘Chindo’ awabuki viburnum (Viburnum. Let's get together. Leaves often turn purple in winter. Prefers full sun to part shade, and grows best in the upper Piedmont. The bark of the stems are brown with some orange, the stems are pubescent, and stems change color from brown to a dark gray as they mature. Also, I have two new leather leaf viburnums, and want to know how best to treat them to get lots of berries in fall for the birds. Large, showy, white flower clusters of Chinese snowball viburnum (Viburnum macrocephalum) in late April. These versatile shrubs are fun to grow and easy to get along with. Its berries shift through shades of green, white, pink, rose and blue. If you would like to plant as a foundational planting or border, it is best to do 72 inches apart, center on center. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). Burkwood Viburnum (V. x burkwoodii): Burkwood viburnum is semi-evergreen, 8 to 10 feet tall and wide, with glossy dark green leaves that turn dark red in winter. Viburnum is a genus of about 150â175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny.
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