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Αρχική production technology of tomato in pakistan

production technology of tomato in pakistan

Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. Carruthers, 2002. Vegetable provide resistance against cancer (Van Poppel et al., 1999). 0. http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, United States Dept. SWOT analysis: It’s time for a product recall, Long Range Planning, Volume 30, Issue 1, February 1997, Pages 46–52. 2005. Productivity and wages are relatively low in agriculture sector as compared to manufacturing sector in the country and elasticity of employment in agriculture sector has drastically declined during last two decades (Irfan, 2008). Agribusiness Pakistan is a Pakistan based Agriculture Consultancy Online Portal in Pakistan. Few elements of the machinery and equipment were not required in Pakistan climate and even many of them can be reduced if installed in climatically favorable zones like moderate zones of coastal areas of Sindh and Baluchistan, Abbottabad, Potohar and few areas of KPK province of Pakistan. Greenhouse cultivation of vegetables offers distinct advantages of quality, productivity and favorable market prices to the growers. Cultivated area in Pakistan is also limited. In niche markets, this product has no close substitute resulting in fetching high price above the cost of production. 1999. Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Where; Yi: Yield of respective crop like tomato on vine, cherry tomato and bell pepper; Pi: Production of respective crop in specific area. Khalid Mahmood Mughal, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian and Atta Ullah Khan provided technical support at every step. Exports showed mixed trend due to competition with local and surrounding regional produce in the international market. Issue 63: March/April –2002, Story Title: Hydroponics as an agric. By sea transportation is possible through refrigerated containers; g):Water purification cost through reverse osmosis can be eliminated and water can be saved by installing the units on most of the small dams in Potohar and other suitable regions depending upon EC and pH of rain water; h): Commercial import of salts can reduce unit cost (CPEC opportunity); i): Improvement in health of the consumers through diseased and pesticide free products. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research This was successful policy and provides revenue during these days/ months. Yield Potential of Some Exotic and Local Tomato Cultivars Grown for Summer Production, Pak. These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). FAO. Rensburg, W.S., J. van, S.L. During initial years the ratio of local sale to export was very high, i.e., during 2009-10, local sale to export ratio was 1: 4.88 (Table 3). Hydroponics is a successful and rapidly expanding industry in the world over (Carruthus, 2002) and is developed manifold in developed countries like four to five folds in last decade in Australia (Hassall and Associates Pvt. Pak. Export and Domestic Sales: Their Interrelationship and Determinants, Strateg. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The ratio indicates that the local market for hydroponics products of FMP was developing rapidly with an annual growth rate of 29%. The world food situation: New driving forces and required actions. during four-year period (2009-13). Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process _AHP. Ronde. National Food Secur. 2000. Market Shares in global imports. 3, HS788, series of the Hortic. Tomato is a rapidly growing crop with a growing period of 90 to 150 days. Ltd. (FMP). 2020 Vision Food Policy Report. Int. 2004. Rev. National Food Secur. Output data include production data of each crop and sale record of different crops. Habib, H.S., A.M. Malik, A. Ali and M.A. Horizontal expansion in terms of area is limited but vertical expansion has greater scope as average yield of different crops is lower in Pakistan relative to the world average (. only 22 is cultivated); b): Skilled and unskilled labor supply for local and international market. 1988. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. The market competitiveness behavior of FMP products was different in different markets depending upon substitution and income effect. Khan, N. Rehman, Z. Ullah, S.T. Tomato farmers are facing various problems due to outbreak of pest and diseases related to climate change, labor shortage and borewells going dry etc. Monthly bulletin of FBS August 2014. Customer value proposition of FMP products. Sci. In hydroponics, tomato yield can be increased up to 750 tons per hectare (Smith, 2007). Many people are spending their time as a hobby for planting to attain fresh vegetables and fruits. Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 26: 855–871 (2005) Published online in Wiley Inter-Science (www.interscience.wiley.com). If the customers are blood of any firm in a business model, then revenue generation is the arteries. 32.50m. Terminal wholesale market near the production facility of hydroponics was Islamabad Fruits and vegetable market. This increasing population needs more food supply for existence. Marketing cost mainly include freight on export. Irfan, M. 2008. Dev. Improved Production Technology in Tomato crop Primary tabs. Tomato production processing and technology, 9. Instead of Rs. Consumption of hydroponics products depends mainly on income, preferences of consumer and market prices (Rual, 2005) (Figure 3). United Nation department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Estimates and Projection Section. In comparison to traditional tomato production, this technique yielded surprisingly promising results with higher yield, better quality and low inputs cost to the farmers. Government of Pakistan b 2014. http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QC/E. The prices fetched by hydroponically produced Tomato on vine of FMP in each year were given in Table 4. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Imran, M. and J. Niazi. Kitchen garden tomato a vegetable that is used in our Houses By Mr Allah Dad... How to prune tomato By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University o... 2. In hydroponics average yield of tomato was obtained 161.8± 06.6 tones /ha in Pakistan as compared to field tomato average production of 10.07±0.4 ton /ha. This rapid development of local market is a clear indicator of future prospects of hydroponics technology in the country. Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Meat Sciences and Veterinary Public Health (Presently the trained manpower of this project has been engaged by KSA; c): Rainfall water stored in small dams is best for hydroponics production; d): Few inputs are abundantly available in the country like Apsom Salt; e): Sea port is one day travel from Potohar region of Pakistan where the technology is tested; f): Technology testing in other regions with favourable temperature; g): Major salt used in hydroponics is Calcium Nitrate which can be produced locally. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Aggregate analysis of food consumption in Pakistan. Now a day’s majority of the items were available at cheaper price in domestic. 1999. US Farm Income, Congressional Res. Various factors identified in analysis have been further examined and measures have been suggested to improve supply of tomato in Pakistan. Experimenting with Hydroponics, College of Education, State University of New York, Brockport 448, Published by: Univ. 2010, Annual Audit Report 2010-11, Farmers Market Pvt. Food and Agriculture Organization of UN statistics. Average annual production of tomato on vine under hydroponics was recorded as 161±7 ton per ha. In Sindh illiteracy rate is high and most of the farmers are illiterate. Reis, J. and Forte, R. 2014. Vol.25, No.4. On a global scale, the annual production of fresh tomatoes accounts for approximately 159 million tonnes. Tomato. Total factor productivity of a firm is negatively correlated with export intensity to low income destinations and positively correlated to high income destinations (Carino and Apifani, 2009). Methodology of the paper is given after description of hydroponics technology which is followed by results and discussion and conclusion. Pakistan’s wage structure during 1990/91-2006/07. Rosegrant. Determining import intensity of exports for pakistan, state bank of pakistan, research bulletin. Government of Pakistan 2013. Production of Greenhouse Tomatoes-Florida Greenhouse Vegetable Production Handbook, Vol. The impact of industry characteristics on firmsâ•Ž export intensity. United Nation Sustainable Development, Knowledge Platform, Open Working Group Proposal for Sustainable Development Goals, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, United Nation. Hydroponics as an agricultural production system. 2009 May;36(5): 402-409.e5. Calif. Press on behalf of the Nat. Hydroponic technology has been tested in Pakistan and the technology has been proved to be successful in increasing productivity. Nut., 8(1): 620-624. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4, http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level, http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.029, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7, https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216, www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf, http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/f%26v_africa_economics.pdf, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, https://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/sic_manual.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income, In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts, Influence of Plant Growth Regulators by Foliar Application on Vegetative and Floral physiognomies of Gladiolus, Fiber Quality Studies with Respect to Different Cotton Insect Pests using Multivariate Analysis, Evaluation of Advanced Mung Bean Germplasm against Cercospora Leaf Spot and its In-vitro Management by Different Fungicides, Lulu Hypermarket, Shahzad Zafar Trading Est., Saudi Hypermarkets, Delmonte, Grand Castle Trading Establishment, Unifruti Middle East, Pan Fresh International, The Fresh Corner, Amer Super Fresh, Spital Field Market London, Electricity, LPG, diesel for backup Genset, Chemicals for recipe and growing supplies, Sales Promotion, exhibition, logistics and transportation. So, ratio of (1.0: 0.1) is required between production area and machinery equipment. FMP was selected as only option for sample analysis. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. 1Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Department of Economics, Preston University, Kohat, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. Per Acre. Cost of production of FMP hydroponics production system can be divided into two major categories: Fixed Cost and Variable cost. Determinants of export intensity of a firm are labour productivity and size of firm (Reis and Forte, 2014). ): YEAR: Punjab: Sindh: Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw: Balochistan: PAKISTAN: 1980-81: 128.15 2018. Hydroponics is a capital intensive modern technology and is tested in Pakistan by a company known as Farmers Market Pvt. This yield stagnancy is forcing Pakistan to import tomato of worth Rs. The basic investment on green houses and other machinery and equipment’s used to run the system was Rs. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Journal (Absjournal) Secondary data required for analyzing different parameters was also collected from different sources like Economic Survey of Pakistan, Agriculture statistics various editions, Pakistan Federal Bureau of Statistics and FAOSTAT etc. Yield of hydroponic tomatoes was measured in hectares. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income. UN, 2015. They include cherry tomatoes, green tomatoes, purple tomatoes, sweet tomatoes, etc. Productivity, Quality and Economics of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Hydroponic Tomato Production and Productivity Improvement in Pakistan, Arshad Mahmood Malik1, Khalid Mahmood Mughal2, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian2 and Atta Ullah Khan2. Total area of the facility was 20,000 sq. In that year, approximately 182 million metric tons of tomatoes were produced worldwide. Green house production technology is changing yield of different crops so rapidly than before (Jenson, 1999). ), marketing cost (expenditure incurred on transportation of product, freight for product export, advertising and exhibition etc. Int. Pinstrup, P.A., R.P. What are these? 159-168. 2016. 0.02 million per acre to as high as Rs. Total tomato production was over 154 million tons in 2009 and 174 million tons in 2015. 2004. Instt. Rev. a free encyclopedia. Biol. However, round wild variety is the most preferred one. Rev. Abdus Salam – winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics (1979) for his electroweak theory that combines weak nuclear force and electromagnetic forces. These factors guide in SWORT analysis of the hydroponics production firm. Ltd. (FMP), a company registered in Pakistan with Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) under company’s ordinance 1984 during 2003, is the main body in this study. Optimum mean daily temperature for growth is 18 to 25ºC with night temperatures between 10 and 20ºC. Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption Am J. Prev. This calls for the increase in productivity through optimal and efficient use of available technologies (Bravo-Ureta and Pinheiro, 1997). Foreign reserves will improve. Costs in hydroponics production system: Cost of production of off season vegetables vary from crop to crop. In local market cost was incurred on transportation and promotion activities while in export market, CNF price was offered to the client. These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). Dev. Notes and Comments PIDE. Therefore, we will let you know the economics of 1 acre regular tomato cultivation. J. Strat. Syrocki, B.J. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Under research trials of hydroponics maximum and minimum yield estimated was 245.3 and 138.3 ton per ha. Mustafa 1997. The export intensity of FMP hydroponics project was very high in the initial years (0.83 in 2009) and gradually decreased during subsequent years and reached to 0.63 during 2012-13 (Table 4) but still is on higher side (above 0.5) indicating FMP as export-oriented firm. Current produc on methods adopted are focused on reducing crop risk through an excessive use of pes cides which, along with low yields, contributes towards increasing the price point at which farmers can sell to processors. Ai is the total area allocated to each crop. The data set was comprised of monthly and yearly data starting from 2009 till 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT). Food Secur. Option for the country is to increase productivity. The components of fixed cost of a hydroponics firm are the cost incurred on land, building, green house machinery, monitoring computer and related equipment, electrical and mechanical equipment, furniture fixture, vehicles and other related materials. 40 million per ha. The Pakistan development review. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . 2005. Energy Sources ( Production of biodiesel from jatropha) A Series of Prese... 47. Knowing internal strengths, external weaknesses, better opportunities and internal and external threats is important for better performance of a firm (Houban et. Annals of King Edward Medical University For producer, FoB prices were more preferable. It is important to maintain good moisture level during its growing period. Horticultural Commodity Chains: the impact of UK market on the African fresh vegetable industry, IDS working paper 96. The higher cost of FMP on land was due to the use of machinery and equipment excessive to the optimally required magnitude. Res. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It supports farmer in understanding return from labor, management and capital (Wikipedia, 2015). Measurement of yield of hydroponics production system: Yield of each crop was obtained by dividing production of crop in specific area divided by area in which said crop is sown (Equation 1). Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. Ltd. PMAS-Arid Agric. Yield, seasonality and export orientation. The yield of tomato is stagnant over last five decades. In March 2009, company has been transferred to Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS-AAUR) on the basis of board resolution. 2004, 70(1): 52–59, ARC–Roodeplaat, Private Bag X293, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. World food prospects: Critical issues for the early Twenty First Century. The major limiting factors in marketing were observed as scale of production and shortage of supply. Chemical composition of common leafy vegetables and functional properties of their leaf protein concentrates. Cost of production of tomato is higher than other off-season crops (Bala et al., 2011). Enhanced competition in the export market might be the other factor contributing to the decreasing trend of export sales. Soloman, S., R. Salomon and J.S. Government of Pakistan c 2014. Netshiluvhi, E.V.D. Tilman, A. and U. Eckhardt 2006. According to United State Department of Agriculture, “hydroponics is a process of growing plants in nutrient solution culture (Syrocki, 1961), this solution provides nutrients to the plants for normal growth of the plant. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Corporation November 2001, RIRDC Publication No 01/141, RIRDC Project No HAS-9A. in India (Joseph et al., 2014). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2018/31.2.133.144, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012, The population increase is still on the up and need another boost in the yield to meet the increasing demand at national level. Fixed inputs include expenditure incurred on land, building, Green house machinery, computer and relation equipment’s, Electrical equipment’s, furniture, fixture and equipment’s, office equipment’s, vehicles and other physical assets. Average yield of hydroponic tomatoes was found to be 161.8±6.6 ton per hectare as against 10.07±0.4 in open field. Fruits, Vegetables and condiments Statistics of Pakistan 2011-12. Dev. Res. They also provide important biochemical and nutrients like carotene, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, iron, calcium etc. Journal of Innovative Sciences The ratio indicates that the local market for hydroponics products of FMP was developing rapidly with an annual growth rate of 29%. Bader S., 2006. 4 (10): 1215-1216. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216. Hussain, Z., and Akram, W. 2008. Hussain, F. Khan and Z.K. Cost of production of FMP hydroponics production system can be divided into two major categories: Fixed Cost and Variable cost. Prod. Mughal, S.A. Mian and A.U. SWOT analysis can be used in relation to some other models for improving its efficiency in decision making (Kurtilla et al., 2000). GoP. After introduction, next section describes hydroponics technology in the globe and Pakistan so that reader can understand the technology easily. 1969. Area distribution under each crop during specific year was given in Table 1, which indicates the weightage (demand) of the crop. 418.70 million as on 1st July 2007 (FMP, 2010). This cost was still on higher side as everything used in erection of these green houses were imported from Holland, ultimately increasing the extra cost burden on the project. Supply of hydroponics products provides solution to the problem of decade old stagnancy in yield of the vegetables especially tomato to cater the increasing demand due to gigantic population increase. Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. 1. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Economies of scale and more specialization in the technology through indigenization can further reduce the operational cost and may result in doubling the BCR. The months with minimum value depict the crop end stage and new crop sowing stage. Local sale showed upward trend in the previous four years and increased more than doubled in four-year period indicating acceptability of the product in the local market. Service 7-5700. www.crs.gov R40152. Assoc. Vorster and J.A. Springer US. There has been a progressive increase in area and production of tomato in Pakistan. 1961. Yield of hydroponic tomatoes was measured in hectares. Harper and J.W. The estimated total world production for tomatoes in 2017 was 182,301,395 metric tonnes, an increase of 1.6% from 179,508,401 tonnes in 2016. Cultivated area of Pakistan is only 22.2 m.ha. Technol. The production of tomato in Sindh was 29,826 tonnes, while in Pakistan total production was 275,811 tonnes, and yield per hectare in Sindh was 5,084 kgs, while Pakistan yield per hectare was 10,752 kgs, which is very low as compared to developed countries where it can reach up to 120 tonnes/hectare. Syst. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan. Net Farm Income of FMP was found by deducting fixed cost from gross margins. Table 6: Distribution pattern of fixed cost of a hydroponic firm (FMP). FMP was producing tomato on vine, bell pepper and cherry tomato under hydroponics system. This technology can increase productivity of vegetables in the country and revolutionize the horticultural sector. 1995. PROVINCE WISE AVERAGE YIELD OF TOMATO FROM 1980-81 TO 2017-18 (Average Yield 40 Kg. Trade and Payments. With advances in weed and disease control technology, this type of production may become more feasible in the future. Irrigation in tomato production is quite important for healthy growth of plants, quality and quantity of fruits. Cost and Return Structure for the Promising Enterprise of Off-Season Vegetables in Himachal Pradesh. The technology has many benefits for the farmers at micro level and for the country at macro level. Analysis suggests that this technology can improve the yield of tomato in the country and solve the demand and supply gap of Pakistan besides helping in export promotion and import substitution. GPS location of the hydroponics plant is 33.424054 N and 73.223550 E. This study is based on primary data collected from FMP. Energy Sources ( What are biofuels) A Series of Presentation to Class By ... 49. In Adv. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. 0.1% Ranked 35th. 50:4 p355–364 (2011). ), administrative cost, cost on capital goods purchased during the year and miscellaneous expenses. Carla. Tomato production in Pakistan was 530 thousand tones during 2011. Socio-economics determinants of rural household food expenditure in Rawalpindi, Pakistan J. Agric. 2009. Tomato harvested area in Pakistan amounted to X ha in 2018, going up by X% against the previous year. Ranking of Pakistani Scientists by Pakistan Council for Science & Technology. 1996. GoP. Food Policy Res. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4439697. Akbar, M. and Z.F. Electrical and related equipment are required for maintaining regular electricity supply for electrical equipment. Pakistan produced 0.566 million tons … The production facility of the company was located at Rawat, Islamabad and partly in Kalyam Awan, Gujar Khan tehsil of Rawalpindi on both sides of GT Road joining Rawalpindi to Lahore. Arshad Mahmood Malik conceived the idea, collected and analysed the data, reviewed the literature and wrote the manuscript. In the later years Alternate crop policy was used. By 2 Soil Agriculture Research Center Lab D-138, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Table 8: Production and Revenue Generation of different vegetables at FMP (2009-13). Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan 2012-13. 9.2 billion during 2011-12 (GoP, 2013). Gradually the local market developed and this ratio decline to 1:1.42 in 2012-13. Almost 50 percent of the production was missed, resulting in a gap between supply and demand countrywide. Vegetable growers can substantially increase their income by greenhouse cultivation of vegetables in off season as the vegetables produced in the normal season generally do … The Journal of Plant Protection Sciences Tomato is cultivated in different zones of Pakistan round the year and it is available to consumers round the year in every market (Chohan and Ahmad, 2008). Market Shares in global exports. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology Patterns and Determinant of fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Saharan Africa. A shut down of electricity for 2-3 hours during peak summer season is enough for damaging the crop. Average yield obtained in hydroponics in Pakistan is 168 tons per hectare as compared to national average of ten tons per hectare. per annum (Table 7). Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences Prices of each product were notified by the company depending upon market situation, season and prices of substitute. Draft Agriculture and Food Security policy of Pakistan. First crop was sown in July 2009 and four successive crops had been sown every year and the data on all economic and production parameters were collected which provided the main body of data for present study. Croucher, M. 2013. Lorch and M.W. Acta Hort. Lynch. Res. Export intensity is the common measure of export performance of a firm or country (Reis and Forte, 2014). 636. FMP is the only commercial hydroponic entity in Pakistan. Study is based on primary data collected by the researcher. Science, Religion and Culture The geographical area of Pakistan is 79.61 million hectares (m.ha.). new technologies to enhance crop yields and income of households. Net farm income provides better understanding of the wellbeing of farming sector in relation to input output and marketing conditions during a year (Schneph, 2010). Hosts and Viruses By up-scaling the green houses, all these potential clients demand can be tapped. Tomato is a vegetable crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. Horizontal expansion in terms of area is limited but vertical expansion has greater scope as average yield of different crops is lower in Pakistan relative to the world average (Shahnaz et al., 2009). Average yield of cherry tomato was recorded as 47±7 (SD) ton per hectare. Houben, G., K. Lenie and K. Vanhoof. (FAOSTAT, 2001). Facebook. This poses a constraint to the increase in supply of food in the country. Int’l Food Policy Res. and S.S. Kadam. Ltd was also collected from 2009 to 2013. Ltd. 2001). Bala, B., Sharma, N., & Sharma, R. K. 2011. Agriculture and food security policy of Pakistan aims at creating modern, efficient and diversified agricultural sector, with more innovation and technology-based agriculture (Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012). Hydroponics as an Agricultural Production System. Generally, most of the interested people belongs to farming community and may own some piece of land. Table 1: Area allocation under hydroponics production for different crops at FMP. Manag. Opportunities: a): Fixed cost of FMP as reported in its annual audit report was Rs. Pakistan is generally facing serious trade deficit from decades despite adopting all measures of export promotion (Badar, 2006). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.31, Iss.2, Pages 133-144, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 890-895, Shahid Nadeem, Taj Naseeb Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Adnan Younis and Iram Fatima, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 884-889, Ghulam Sarwar, Muhammad Rizwan, Jehanzeb Farooq, Muhammad Farooq, Hafiz Ghazanfar Abbas, Farrukh Ilahi and Muhammad Asif, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 878-883, Huma Abbas, Muhammad Azhar Iqbal, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Umar Shahbaz, Haseeb Ullah Kamber, Nazir Javed, Muhammad Junaid, Hira Abbas and Muhammad Ehetisham ul Haq, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 872-877, Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits, Select Journals It is engaged in agriculture consultancy and farm management businesses. Pinterest. Vol.29 No.1, 2016, pp:68-75. Largest tomato producing countries export their best quality tomatoes with high prices. The expenditure on food was mainly determined by socio-economic factors in Pakistan (Habib et al., 2015). Their cost varies from Rs. Sci. ISSN 1010-1365. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents. Doe-het-zelf methode voor Doorlichten en plannen maken in kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen, CED Samson, Brussel. By increasing share of local sale in export, this cost can also be decreased significantly. After sixties, late seventies envisaged high agriculture growth as a spillover effect of green revolution. Major destination of FMP products was UAE, Qatar, KSA and Bahrain. In contrast, eastern environment is relatively more towards hot weather which need better cooling system; c): Pakistan’s Weather is relatively more favorable for this technology as compared to globe; d): High market price of the hydroponics products in local and export markets; e): Export market is vast (in summer Middle East is net importer and in winter UK/part of EU is net importer); f): By ship export may revolutionize the industry as profit increase many fold (CPEC opportunity). Labor and energy cost can further be decreased by improving efficiency of the system through indigenization. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Shahnaz, A.A., A.F. Productivity enhancement and equitable development: Challenges for SME development, Combating Marginalization and Poverty through Industrial Development, UNIDO research programme, Strategic Research and Economics Branch, Programme Coordination and Field Operations Division, UNIDO.

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